Aeschylus II: the suppliant maidens ; The Persians ; Seven against Thebes ; Prometheus bound

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AEschylus is often regarded as the father of Greek tragedy; he moved play writing from the simple interaction of a single character and a chorus to one where many characters interact and thereby create more dynamic and dramatic situations. AEschylus, was the son of Euphorion, and a scion of a Eupatrid or noble family. He was born at Eleusis 525 B.C., or, as the Greeks calculated time, in the fourth year of the 63rd Olympiad. He first worked at a vineyard and whilst there claimed to have been visited by Dionysis in a dream and told to turn his attention to the tragic art. It was a dream that would deliver a rich and incredible legacy through his writing talents. His earliest tragedy, composed when he was twenty-six years of age, failed to win the fabled Dionysia, (a revered festival of theatre) and it was not until fifteen years later that he gained this victory in 484BC going on to win it again in 472 BC (for The Persians), 467 BC (for Seven Against Thebes) and 463 BC (for The Suppliants). AEschylus was also known for his military skills and was ready to fight in defence of Athens whenever the call was made. He and his brother, Cynegeirus, fought against Darius's invading Persian army at the Battle of Marathon in 490 BCE and, although the Greeks won against overwhelming odds, Cynegeirus died in the battle, which had a naturally had a profound effect on AEschylus. He made several visits to the important Greek city of Syracuse in Sicily at the invitation of the tyrant Hieron, and it is thought that he also travelled extensively in the region of Thrace. His writing continued to be the envy of others. With the series of plays of which Seven Against Thebes was a part, his supremacy was undisputed. He was the -father of tragedy.- AEschylus made many changes to dramatic form. The importance of the chorus was demoted and a second added to give prominence to the dialogue and making that interchange the leading feature of the play. He removed all deeds of bloodshed from the public view, and in their place provided various spectacular elements, improving the costumes, making the masks more expressive and convenient, and probably adopting the cothurnus to increase the stature of the performers. Finally, he established the custom of contending for the prize with trilogies, an inter-connecting set of three independent dramas. The closing years of the life of AEschylus were mainly spent in Sicily, which he had first visited soon after his defeat at the Dionysia by Sophocles. AEschylus returned to Athens to produce his Orestean trilogy, probably the finest of his works, although the Eumenides, the last of the three plays, revealed so openly his aristocratic tendencies that he became extremely unpopular, and returned to Sicily for the last time in 458 BCE and it was there that he died, while visiting the city of Gela in 456 or 455 BCE.
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Grouped Work ID 900eac9b-c351-29bf-46e9-84b25ca3f959
full_title aeschylus ii the suppliant maidens the persians seven against thebes prometheus bound
author aeschylus
grouping_category book
lastUpdate 2018-01-04 01:24:10AM

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auth_author2 Bernardete, Seth G., Grene, David., Lattimore, Richmond, 1906-1984.
author Aeschylus.
author2-role Bernardete, Seth G., Grene, David.Complete Greek tragedies., Lattimore, Richmond,1906-1984., hoopla digital.
author_display Aeschylus
available_at_pitkin Pitkin Library
detailed_location_pitkin Pitkin County Library
format_category_pitkin Books, eBook
format_pitkin Book, eBook
id 900eac9b-c351-29bf-46e9-84b25ca3f959
isbn 178737145, 9780226307794, 9781787371453
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itype_pitkin , Adult book
lexile_score -1
literary_form Fiction
literary_form_full Dramas, Fiction
local_callnumber_pitkin 882.1 A253
owning_library_pitkin Pitkin County Library
owning_location_pitkin Pitkin Library
primary_isbn 9780226307794
publishDate 1956, 2017
record_details hoopla:MWT11868850|eBook|eBook||English|Copyright Group ,|2017.|1 online resource, ils:.b11610694|Book|Books||English|University of Chicago Press,|1956.|vii, 178 pages ; 22 cm.
recordtype grouped_work
scoping_details_pitkin hoopla:MWT11868850||Available Online|Available Online|false|true|false|false|false|false||||, ils:.b11610694|.i18726938|On Shelf|On Shelf|false|true|true|false|false|true|96,97,98,99|||
series Complete Greek tragedies
series_with_volume Complete Greek tragedies
subject_facet Danaus, -- King of Argos (Mythological character) -- Drama, Electronic books, Greece -- History -- Persian Wars, 500-449 B.C. -- Drama, Greek drama -- Translations into English, Prometheus -- (Greek deity) -- Drama, Seven against Thebes (Greek mythology) -- Drama, Translations into English
title_display Aeschylus II : The suppliant maidens ; The Persians ; Seven against Thebes ; Prometheus bound
title_full Aeschylus II : The suppliant maidens ; The Persians ; Seven against Thebes ; Prometheus bound / edited by David Grene and Richmond Lattimore, Aeschylus II : the suppliant maidens ; The Persians ; Seven against Thebes ; Prometheus bound [electronic resource]Aeschylus Aeschylus.
title_short Aeschylus II :
title_sub the suppliant maidens ; The Persians ; Seven against Thebes ; Prometheus bound
topic_facet Danaus, Electronic books, Greek drama, History, Prometheus, Seven against Thebes (Greek mythology)